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5 Axis CNC Router

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5 Axis CNC Router

As advanced CNC equipment, 5 axis CNC machining center or CNC router is designed specifically for complex curved surfaces. It is widely used in aviation, aerospace, automotive, military, scientific research, precision instruments, high-precision medical equipment, and other industries. It can process an extensive range of materials, such as wood, metals, stones, plastic, styrofoam, composites, etc.

5 Axis CNC Router Related Video

What is 5 axis CNC machining?

Five axis CNC machining refers to the CNC processing in which the tools can work in 5 different directions simultaneously. Compared with the basic 3 axis machining, the five-axis CNC machining is more flexible and variable. The 5 axes refer to X+Y+Z+A (rotates around X)+B (rotates around Y), X+Y+Z+A+C (rotates around Z), or X+Y+Z+B+C.

Blue Digital Cutting Machine mainly provides the 5 axis CNC router machine and 5 axis machining center that works on X+Y+Z+A+C. A 5 axis router machine is an upgraded machine of regular 3 or 4 axis CNC routers. It is able to carve on a workpiece in five different faces simultaneously. Same as other CNCs, a 5 axis router operates on 3 primary axes of X, Y, Z. Besides, it can rotate its tools by two additional axes, A and C. This ensures the 5 axis router process more directions of the workpieces without adjusting them manually.

The 5 axis CNC router machine is also known as 5 axis machining center, 5 axis CNC milling machine, 5 axis CNC mill, etc. It has the advantages of high machining accuracy and is specially used for the machining of complex curved surface workpieces. At present, it is the most effective means to solve the processing of impellers, blades, marine propellers, large diesel engine crankshafts, etc. It plays an important role in aviation, aerospace, military, scientific research, precision equipment, high-precision medical equipment, and other industries.

Many companies use the 5 axis CNC machine for sale as a wood carving machine. Some suppliers also offer a kind of 5 axis machining center with table moving and rotating. it is also a good choice on some occasions.

5 axis machining vs. 3+2 axis machining

In simple terms, the tool moves in the direction of three basic axes and two rotation axes during 5 axis machining. However, the 3+2 axis machining is in nature a 3 axis machining process. The other two additional axes are to determine the direction of the tool at a fixed position.
The 5 axis linkage machining is suitable for the process of curved surfaces. And the 3+2 axis machining is more suitable for plane surfaces machining. The 5 axis CNC mill machine can realize various complex geometries with tighter tolerances. While the 3+2 axis machining center helps you keep the workpiece at a better machining place.

Types of 5 axis CNC processing centers

According to the machine structure, the CNC five axis processing center mainly falls into three types. They are the head/head type, table/head type, and table/table type.

As the name suggests, the head/head type machine has two rotary axes on the head. It has a rotating head, which can rotate by 360 degrees around the Z axis. And it also has an A axis that rotates around the X axis in more than 90 degrees. Features of this type machine include flexible spindle working, large working area, and good milling surface quality.

The table/head type refers to the machines whose rotary axes locate respectively in the table and the head. This type of 5 axis CNC milling machine has the largest flexibility. Because it can be the combination of any two axes among the A, B, and C axes. But most table/head type 5 axis machines adopt the combination of B and C axes. Such structure is simple and flexible. It can realize 5-sided machining with low manufacturing costs.

The table/table type has two rotary axes located on the table. The worktable mounded on the machine bed can rotate around the X axis, which is the A axis. Its general working angle of the A axis is from +30° to -120°. There is also another rotary table in the middle of the worktable. It rotates around the Z axis and is called the C axis. This type of 5 axis machine usually has a small-sized worktable with a small loading ability.

Blue Digital Cutting Machine 5 axis CNC machines for sale

Blue Digital Cutting Machine provides the head/head type five-axis CNC machines in mainly three models. Parameters of Blue Digital Cutting Machine’s best 5 axis CNC machine for sale are shown in the table below.
Parameters ELECNC-2513 ELECNC-3050 ELECNC-1224
Working size 1250x2500x500mm 3000x5000x1100mm 1220x2440x1000mm
Spindle 10kw Italy water-cooled spindle 10kw Germany DMASS spindle Two Germany DMASS spindle
Control system OSAI DMS FANUC
Reducer Shimpo Shimpo Shimpo
Inverter Delta Delta Delta
X, Y, Z transmission TBI ball scew Herion 2m helical rack for X and Y axis
Ball screw for X axis
TBI ball screw
Tool changer 16 positions carousel tool magazine Linear tool magazine 2 heads with no tool magazine
The Blue Digital Cutting Machine best 5 axis CNC machine is applicable for the production of various high-precision three-dimensional products. For example, wood furniture, large-scale wood molds, styrofoam molds, statues, three-dimensional sculptures, etc. Processing materials include wood, styrofoam, polyester, carbon fiber, gypsum, and other composite materials.

What can a 5 axis CNC machining center do?

The five-axis machining center can process planes, curved and inclined surfaces, oblique holes, 2D and 3D curved surfaces, and 3D lines. It can realize continuous milling, engraving, drilling, and sawing in all directions with one fixing and positioning of the workpiece.

The high-precision 5 axis machining centers have extensive applications in the furniture, molding, construction, machine manufacturing, civil and military industries. It can be used to produce:
  • Box-type parts, like automobile engine cylinder heads, clutch and gearbox housing, pumps
  • Complex curved surfaces, like bevel gear wheels, pinions, impellers
  • Irregular parts, including drilling, milling, boring, expanding, reaming, and rigid tapping processes
  • Molds, such as ship molds, automotive molds, construction molds
  • Statues and sculptures
  • Large-sized wood furniture
  • Styrofoam or gypsum models

Advantages of 5 axis CNC machining

Improved surface finish

Its configuration helps create surfaces with a high-quality finish. The CNC router bits can keep closer to the workpieces. The additional two axes allow the machine to use short tools. So the tools will not vibrate too much, which results in good surface quality.

Cut complex shapes

The additional two rotary axes allow you to realize the design and machining of intricate shapes. All five axes require various parts. The extra movement of this structure gives space for the manufacturing angels and arcs. This can only be done with multiple settings and specific fixtures in the past. But with 5 axis machining, you can complete the whole cutting and milling process with only one set. This also saves much production time and increases working efficiency.

Improved accuracy and tool life

The 5 axis machining process improves product accuracy by reducing settings. More settings mean more potential space for errors. So one setting can greatly reduce the risks of making errors.

The shorter the CNC router tools, the longer their service life. 5 axis machines allow the machine head to be closer to the tool surface. So this guarantees higher cutting speed and less vibration, which will eventually result in longer tool life.

High efficiency

When using this kind of router, we can always make the mill ends of the tool contact with the workpiece at a perfect, effective point. The 5 axis machining can effectively reduce the production time and auxiliary time of parts. It has a large spindle speed and feeds range, which enables the machine to have a powerful cutting capacity. The five axis machining has rapid movement and positioning ability, and can cut and mill products at a high speed. This reduces the turnaround time of semi-finished products and improves production efficiency and accuracy.

5 axis CNC machine price

With its wide application in many industries, more and more manufacturing companies tend to choose the industrial 5 axis machine. But it may be not an affordable machine for small businesses. Because the 5 axis CNC machine price is relatively high, ranging from $20,000 to $100,000. Some industry-level 5 axis machining centers could cause even more.

The reasons why 5 axis CNC price is high lie in the machine configurations and the unparallelled benefits it brings. Most of the machine parts adopt heavy-duty and high-quality ones to endure the heavy loading of processing. So the 5 axis machine has a higher manufacturing cost. In addition, it has features of excellent precision, high efficiency, stable product quality, labor-saving, etc. All these features make it a perfect and ideal machine for the high-tech and high-precision industries. That’s also why the 5 axis CNC price is high.

Apart from industry-level models, there are also some hobby 5 axis CNC machine models. They usually have a simple structure and functions. The hobby 5 axis CNC router price is relatively cheaper than the industrial type. Some of them may cost only $2,000. Therefore, the 5 axis CNC router price varies greatly according to different machine types.